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Hypomagnesemia in type II diabetes: effect of a 3-month replacement therapy.
Eibl NL, Kopp HP, Nowak HR, Schnack CJ, Hopmeier PG, Schernthaner G.
Diabetes Care. 1995 Feb;18(2):188-92.
Objective: To investigate the effects of long-term high-dose oral magnesium (Mg) therapy (30 mmol/day) in patients with type II diabetes. Low plasma magnesium levels have been reported in type II diabetes and are associated with insulin resistance and diabetic late complications.
Research Design and Methods: Forty patients with type II diabetes and hypomagnesemia were observed in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial for 3 months (body mass index: 28 +/- 4 kg/m2; HbA1c: 7.4 +/- 0.8%). Plasma and urine magnesium and metabolic control parameters were determined, and side effects were considered, especially with regard to patients' compliance.
Results: A significant increase in plasma magnesium levels was observed after 3 months of treatment (Mg: 0.73 +/- 0.8 vs. 0.81 +/- 0.1 mmol/l), reaching magnesium levels of the control group (0.88 +/- 0.8 mmol/l; NS); metabolic control, however, was not altered (HbA1c: 7.2 +/- 0.7 vs. 7.4 +/- 0.9%). Six months after the end of the trial, plasma magnesium declined to pretreatment levels (Mg: 0.73 +/- 0.07 mmol/l). The prevalence of side effects was high at the beginning and was reduced significantly during treatment.
Conclusions: We conclude that oral magnesium replacement therapy corrects hypomagnesemia after a minimum treatment period of 3 months. These observations might be important for the prevention of diabetic late complications.
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