Magnesium and Various Health Conditions
Magnesium is needed for over 300 biochemical reactions in the body and plays a critical role in the following areas:
Magnesium may play a role in how well cells respond to insulin, the hormone that helps control
blood glucose levels8. Elevated blood glucose levels increase
the loss of magnesium in the urine, which in turn lowers blood levels of magnesium9.
Research suggests that roughly 80% of people with diabetes may be magnesium deficienct10. For this reason, it is important for people with diabetes to maintain adequate levels of magnesium.
Adequate magnesium levels are critical for heart health. Evidence suggests that magnesium may play an important role in regulating blood pressure and keeping heart rhythm steady17. A magnesium deficiency may contribute to abnormal heart rhythms, heart attacks, and strokes making it important to maintain adequate magnesium in the body11.
Magnesium helps to maintain normal muscle and nerve function. Muscle contractions, leg cramps, and migraines may be signs of a magnesium deficiency. Studies have shown that magnesium helps to reduce the severity and duration of both leg cramps and migraines12-13. These conditions, when related to a magnesium deficiency, can often be managed with -800 mg of supplemental magnesium daily.
Magnesium is essential to women's health and may be beneficial for premenstrual syndrome (PMS), pregnancy, osteoporosis, and symptoms of menopause14.
Magnesium is also involved with maintaining and building strong bones. Magnesium is essential for normal bone metabolism. It is important to have a 2:1 ratio of calcium to magnesium (i.e. for every 800mg of calcium, one should take mg of magnesium)2. A magnesium deficiency may be a risk factor for postmenopausal osteoperosis17. This may be due to the fact that a magnesium deficiency alters calcium metabolism and the hormone that regulates calcium15. Maintaining optimal levels of magnesium is important for women of all age groups.
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